The most common foods that are or can be, toxic to Dogs – Important for all Pet Sitters doing Pet Sitting and Pet Owners alike to be aware of:
I have collectively researched various sources for information on the most common foods that are or can be toxic to dogs. The allergic reaction or poisoning reaction can vary from dog to dog and some foods that are considered toxic to dogs, the reasons are still unknown as the research behind it hasn’t been sufficiently done. As always, if you suspect your pet has eaten any of the following foods, please note the amount ingested and contact your veterinarian or the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center at (888) 426-4435.
Chocolate – contains Theobromine and Caffeine, Dark chocolate having the highest concentrations, white chocolate the least.
- Theobromine and Caffeine are stimulates and the reaction in a dog can cause such hyperactivity to induce a heart attack.
- Signs of toxic poisoning are vomiting, diarrhea and trembling.
Xylitol – Is a Sugar Alcohol, an artificial sweetener used in many candies, chewing gums and baked goods.
- Xylitol ingestion can cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) in dogs causing a rapid release of insulin causing a sudden decrease in blood glucose.
- Signs of toxic poisoning are vomiting, weakness, uncoordinated movement, seizures and depression or lethargy.
Raisins & Grapes –
- The reason of toxicity is not known, but some studies are suspecting fungal, pesticide, herbicide or heavy metals used in production or packaging.
- Signs of toxic poisoning are acute renal failure (kidney failure), vomiting, jittery or hyperactive behavior, lethargy, abdominal pain, inability to drink or urinate.
Macadamia Nuts –
- Similar to Raisins and Grapes the reason of toxicity is unknown.
- Signs of toxic poisoning are weakness, inability to walk, vomiting, staggering, tremors, elevated body temperature (hyperthermia).
Onions, Garlic & Chives –
- These vegetables and herbs can cause gastrointestinal irritation and could lead to red blood cell damage. Low doses are sometimes found in pet foods or treats and likely will not cause a problem. But larger quantities of these foods can cause toxicity.
- Signs of toxic poisoning are weakness, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain.
- The leaves, fruit, seed and bark of avocados contain Persin.
- Signs of toxic poisoning are vomiting, diarrhea and in severe cases such as birds and rodents experience, can develop congestion, difficulty breathing and fluid accumulation around the heart.
Yeast Dough – Raw dough or other baking recipes that use Yeast.
- Yeast can rise and cause gas to accumulate in a dog’s digestive system.
- Signs of toxic poisoning are stomach or intestine ruptures due to the rising of the yeast.
Raw or Under cooked Meat & Eggs –
- Raw meat or eggs can contain Salmonella and E.Coli. Raw Eggs also contain the enzyme Avidin that decreases the absorption of biotin (a B vitamin) which can lead to skin and coat problems.
- Signs of toxic poisoning are diarrhea, vomiting, weakness, fever, unbalanced movements.
Raw Bones –
- Wild dogs of course eat everything raw, however; domestic dogs are not adapted any longer to live as their wild ancestors. Dogs can choke on bones, bone splinters can cause punctures to the digestive tract or become lodged causing digestive issues.
Milk – Milk contains Lactose
- Dogs do not possess enough lactase which is the enzyme needed to break down lactose.
- Signs of toxic poisoning are diarrhea and upset stomach.
Salt – Sodium poisoning can occur
- Large amounts of salt can produce excessive thirst and urination in dogs. And in some cases sodium poisoning.
- Signs of toxic poisoning are vomiting, diarrhea, tremors, elevated body temperature, seizures